What is labelling theory. When an individual in the society is labelled as criminal it compels him to commit more crimes.
Labeling theory in criminology a theory stemming from a sociological perspective known as symbolic interactionism a school of thought based on the ideas of george herbert mead john dewey w i.
What is labeling theory. Theory suggest that people tend to act and behave as they are labeled by other people. Labeling theory explains how the identity and behavior of people are influenced by how society has classified them. Thomas charles horton cooley and herbert blumer among others.
As the theory name suggests labeling theory argues that a member of society will commit a crime by virtue of the fact they are called a criminal. The first as well as one of the most prominent labeling theorists was howard becker. The theory was prominent during the 1960s and 1970s and some modi.
Labeling theory holds that deviance is not inherent in an act but instead focuses on the tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from standard cultural norms. The labeled individual might become more offensive towards the people who labeled. It is associated with the concepts of self fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping.
Labeling theory posits that self identity and the behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. According to the labeling theory an individual who commits actions that are frowned upon by society becomes regarded as a criminal or a deviant only when he is labeled as such. Labeling theory was first developed by the austrian american criminologist frank tennenbaum in his 1938 work crime and community.
This theory was given by howard becker who tried to understand not in the causes behind the deviant behavior but rather which behavior was considered deviant and what impact it had on the individual engaging in that behavior. It begins with the assumption that no act is intrinsically criminal. Labeling theory is one of the most important approaches to understanding deviant and criminal behavior.
Definitions of criminality are established by those in power through the formulation of laws and the interpretation of those laws by police courts and correctional institutions. Labeling theory view deviance from symbolic interaction and conflict perspective. Labeling theory is a theory to understand deviance in the society this theory is focused more on trying to understand how people react to behavior that happens around them and label it as deviant or nondeviant.